First, let’s get this straight: when I say quit “sugar”, I’m not talking about the broader food groups that are sometimes referred to as “sugars”, such as carbohydrates, glucose, dextrose, maltose, lactose or galactose.
I’m talking about substances which contain high concentrations of FRUCTOSE. Fructose is the sweet-tasting substance which is the main ingredient in table sugar (sucrose)/cane sugar, maple syrup, golden syrup, honey, High Fructose Corn Syrup (HFCS), Agave, and nearly all other sweeteners found in food nowadays.
In its most familiar form, it’s found in that grainy white stuff which we commonly call “table sugar”, or sucrose. Sucrose is made from a type of sweet grass called sugarcane and is exactly 50% fructose. The other half is glucose, which is harmless. But it’s the high concentration of fructose that is of most concern. As you will soon learn on this website, it is slowly poisoning our society to death.
Confused about what the difference is between fructose and all those other types of “sugars” out there? Click the link below to read more:
Now, here are 17 reasons why you should reduce your fructose consumption.
1. Fructose makes you fat.
As the documentaries above explain in full, today’s obesity epidemic is almost entirely caused by sugar.
Due to the prevalence of low-fat products, consumption of dietary fat has decreased significantly in the past decade. The average Western person today (for example, American or Australian) eats roughly the same amount of fat as they did 100 years ago. They also eat roughly the same amount of carbohydrates and have more gym memberships, personal trainers and sporting equipment than 100 years ago. But we simply continue getting fatter!
Despite the food industry’s best efforts to divert blame onto fat, carbs and lack of exercise, clearly something else is the main culprit for the obesity epidemic..
The only thing that has a direct statistical correlation with the obesity epidemic, is the sudden and exponential increase in the consumption of refined sugar, i.e. products high in fructose.
“In the early nineteenth century, the average adult American (and Australian) was eating less than three teaspoons (12.6 grams) of added sugar (sucrose) a day. One century later that number had increased by a factor of ten, to 27 teaspoons a (113 grams) a day. Roll forward another century and we are gobbling down more than 40 teaspoons (168 grams) a day.” – David Gillespie, Eat Real Food.
How sugar makes you fat
Most substances we eat (including protein, carbohydrates, lactose and fat) are converted to glucose (a good “sugar”) and distributed throughout the body to provide energy and growth to cells that need it. Fructose however, is useless to our body and is not used by any of our cells. So to get it out of our bloodstream, the liver sucks it all up and converts it to fat immediately. This fat is stored around the liver and waistline area. Fat stored around the liver and waistline is the most dangerous place to have fat as it puts pressure on vital organs, as well as looking much less attractive!
Fructose therefore makes us much fatter, much faster, than any other type of food. A calorie of fructose is much more fattening than a calorie of carbohydrate, or even a calorie of fat. All calories are not equal, and therefore, counting your calories is futile if you don’t pay attention to what substance those calories are made from!
Damon Gameau gained 8.5kg in 60 days simply by eating a low-fat, high-sugar diet
Australian actor Damon Gameau quit fructose for 3 years and had a very healthy weight. In his documentary “That Sugar Film”, he began eating sugar again at the rate of the average Australian (40 teaspoons per day). What’s scary is that he did not consume ANY confectionary or soda drinks, and gained all his sugar intake from so-called “healthy” foods like cereals, juices and low-fat sauces. He ate exactly the same amount of calories and did exactly the same amount of exercise as he had beforehand. He chose low-fat products. But with his high-fructose diet, in just 60 days he gained 8.5kg and gained 10cm of fat around his waist!
Click below to see the trailer for Gameau’s film. You can stream the entire film on YouTube for $3.99. It’s also available to hire from the Apple iTunes store for 99 cents.
Just because you don’t LOOK fat…
We all know people who eat loads of sugary food and still remain skinny. Well, if you are “lucky” enough to be one of these, that is not an excuse to continue pigging out on sugary food! The levels of fat circulating in your bloodstream and deposited in your liver can still be extremely high even if you appear thin on the outside, hence the origin of the term “TOFI” (Thin Outside, Fat Inside).
Our body is an amazing thing, and in some cases, capable of dealing with the worst kinds of mistreatment for many years before it breaks down. So some people with a poor diet, due to youth or genetics, may appear thin. But as we will soon see, it is slowly destroying the inside of your body.
The health problems related to obesity, which come under the umbrella term “Metabolic Syndrome” make us extremely sick, destroy our quality of life, cost us dearly in medical treatments, and eventually kill us.
Many of these diseases were once considered “old peoples’ problems” but frighteningly, are now being diagnosed in younger and younger people. Terrifying numbers of people in their 30s are now being diagnosed with the first signs of insulin resistance, the precursor of Type II Diabetes.
Sure, we’ve developed many clever treatments for metabolic diseases which have put a bandaid on the death rates… but wouldn’t it be better to avoid heart surgery, insulin injections, chemotherapy and all the misery they cause, by finding a way to prevent these diseases in the first place?
Click here to read more about how supposedly “healthy” low-fat products, full of sugar, are making you fat and sick:
2. Fructose screws up your metabolism and your appetite, making you over-eat
Suppressing appetite should not be a continuous battle of suffering and willpower. In our natural state, it is automatic. Before the over-consumption of fructose, for thousands of years, nobody had gym memberships, nobody went on diets, and yet obesity was pretty much non-existent – even in populations where food was plentifully available. People thought about controlling their weight little more than they thought about controlling their heartbeat or their menstrual cycles. It was just another natural bodily function, controlled by hormones.
A hormone called leptin is one of the main ones responsible for telling us to stop eating when we are full, and it makes it very easy for us. Whenever we eat food like carbohydrates and fat, leptin, insulin, and other appetite-control hormones are released in large amounts which makes us feel full very quickly. Fat is especially filling, which is why it’s actually fine to eat fat, because it will fill us up quickly and we will not eat as much. Unfortunately, fructose inhibits leptin, so even when we have eaten enough, we still feel hungry! Fast food restaurants are fully aware of this, which is why they package all meals with a drink. If you consider that most people consume a sugary soda or juice with every meal, then it’s no wonder that the average person’s calorie consumption has increased by 30 per cent in the last three decades.
Take the pain out of dieting
Exercise has many wonderful health benefits, but losing weight permanently and easily is not really one of them. Sure, if you exercise like a demon and starve yourself with a low-calorie or low-carb diet afterwards, you will probably lose weight. But you’ll probably give up pretty quickly as you’ll also feel hungry and miserable.
Prior to the 1950s, doctors would never prescribe exercise for an overweight person, as it was noted that exercise simply makes you very hungry, so you eat more and thus achieve nothing. If anything, doctors noted that patients forced to lie in bed lost weight more quickly due to decreased appetite. It’s only in the past 50 years that we have somehow got it into our heads (with a push from the fitness and personal training industry) that we should be doing huge amounts of physical activity and then starving ourselves afterwards, despite how hungry and unhappy it makes us!
Fructose makes you feel very hungry, so if you force yourself to go on a “diet”, increase physical activity and reduce meal sizes, but still consume fructose, you will feel starved and miserable.That is why most diets fail, because of the incredible amount of suffering and willpower required. Plus, when you burn more calories than you consume, your body thinks you are starving so it slows down your metabolism to reduce weight loss and hold onto what it thinks are “precious” fat reserves. If you do manage to lose weight, chances are you will put it straight back on again afterwards.
If you stop over-consuming fructose however, your appetite and metabolism will reach a natural equilibrium. Then, eating small meals will become easy and painless. You will feel full, content, and satisfied after a small meal. You simply won’t be able to eat more because you will feel stuffed – so there will be no willpower or suffering required.
When you stop over-consuming fructose, you can exercise because you feel like it and it’s fun – not because you have to in order to lose weight.
David Gillespie lost 40kg purely by giving up fructose
Before David Gillespie became an expert on sugar, he was severely obese. He had tried exercise. He had tried every diet – low fat, low carb. They made him feel miserable and starved, and did not allow him to lose weight and keep it off. Nothing worked.
Then, after some in-depth research into how sugar affects our metabolism, he tried simply giving up sugar. He didn’t change anything else. He didn’t join a gym and only exercised if he felt like it. He drank full-fat milk and full-fat butter and ate steak and bacon and eggs and carbs. But as soon as he cut refined sugar out of his diet completely, he stopped gaining weight and started to steadily drop weight at a rate of about half a kilo per week. This continued for two years until he had lost 40kg and was a healthy body weight. Then his metabolism and appetite reached an equilibrium, and he stayed the same healthy weight, and lived happily sugar-free, for ever after.
He is now one of the most respected sugar experts in the world and he writes about his experiences in his books:
3. Fructose is highly addictive
Scientists have found that sugar increases the release of dopamine in our brains, which causes pleasurable feelings, just like cocaine and tobacco do. However, just like those drugs, when we are constantly exposed to huge amounts of it, we start to lose our ability to produce dopamine naturally, and therefore we need more and more fructose to get the same “high” as before.
And just like those drugs, a few hours after our hit, we enter withdrawal and experience a horrible low. We become moody, irritable, lethargic, and emotional, until we get our next hit.
Sugar withdrawals and the associated cravings are what keep us constantly seeking out our next sugary snack.
It makes you moody, irritable, tired, lethargic and distracted
People who don’t eat a diet high in fructose have a relatively stable mood and energy levels throughout the day. But most people in today’s society are on a constant rollercoaster of high energy followed by low energy and irritability, because of our addiction to the sugar. Sugar withdrawals can even impair our thinking when we’re craving our next hit. People who have successfully kicked the fructose habit report that they feel much more calm, less fidgety, and have clearer thinking, improved mood and better sleep.
Most of us start our sugar addiction from birth, with sugar found in both baby formula and most baby foods. Therefore, most of us are accustomed to the daily highs and lows associated with a high-fructose diet and have no idea how much better and happier we could feel by quitting it. The only real way to find out how it feels is to do a trial period without sugar in your diet, such as the Forever Clean 9 Program. After kicking the sugar addiction and experiencing how much better they feel after just 9 days, many people never return to a high-fructose diet again. The Clean 9 Program truly is life-changing. Click below to learn more about it.
Withdrawals from quitting
When people quit fructose, they report symptoms similar to quitting cigarettes. The feeling of withdrawal is compared to a hangover or a flu, with symptoms including feeling tired, moody, sore, achy, lethargic, emotional, insomnia, irritability and so on.
The intensity and duration of symptoms vary from person to person (probably depending on the severity of their addiction). The good news is that your body usually only takes a week (for some people, mere days) to recover from the withdrawals. If you quit fructose, your body will learn to produce energy naturally again, and you will feel amazing – better than you ever felt before. when you were addicted to sugar! You will have more energy, more mental clarity, improved moods, more emotional stability, and feel generally happier.
Many scientists are now referring to sugar as “the new tobacco”, because it is one of the biggest killers of mankind, yet manufacturers are using every tactic possible to keep us addicted to it. But the impact of this deadly product is now so costly to society that there is a push for governments to tax and regulate sugar, just as they had to do with tobacco.
4. Fructose causes stress, anxiety and depression
As described above, fructose plays havoc with your energy levels and moods. Continue this for your entire life and it’s no wonder stress, anxiety and depression are increasingly prevalent problems in our society.
Fructose releases cortisol, our stress hormone. Fructose also greatly reduces our ability to absorb serotonin, the relaxation hormone. As a result, fructose is a stimulant which keeps us excessively energetic and fidgety and suppresses our ability to feel calm and relaxed.
Researchers have known for a long time that severe depression is strongly associated with an inability to absorb serotonin properly in the brain. No or low serotonin makes us stressed and unhappy and can even make us feel like we are in pain. This makes it much harder for us to bounce back from unhappiness. And this can translate into anxiety and depression if its sustained long enough. The primary anti-depression drugs in Australia all work by targeting the serotonin system.
Depression is a major chronic health problem and it is getting much worse at a very rapid rate. Something is messing with our serotonin system, and the evidence is starting to mount that the something is fructose.
5. Fructose causes heart disease
Much of the fat generated by fructose is stored in our liver, but a lot of it also circulates in our blood stream. Fructose-generated fat is exported from the liver in particles of low-density lipoprotein (LDL).
LDL helps block and harden our arteries, known as atherosclerosis. This leads to heart attacks, strokes and arterial thrombosis (the blockage of arteries in the limbs).
6. Fructose ages your skin
According to prevention.com, “If the promise of a slimmer waistline hasn’t curbed your sweet tooth, maybe the desire for smooth skin will. It’s a bitter pill to swallow, but experts now believe that a lifetime of overeating sugar can make skin dull and wrinkled.
At blame is a natural process that’s known as glycation, in which the sugar in your bloodstream attaches to proteins to form harmful new molecules called advanced glycation end products (or, appropriately, AGEs for short). The more sugar you eat, the more AGEs you develop. “As AGEs accumulate, they damage adjacent proteins in a domino-like fashion,” explains Fredric Brandt, MD, a dermatologist in private practice in Miami and New York City and author of 10 Minutes 10 Years.
Most vulnerable to damage are collagen and elastin, the protein fibres that keep skin firm and elastic. In fact, collagen is the most prevalent protein in the body. Once damaged, springy and resilient collagen and elastin become dry and brittle, leading to wrinkles and sagging. These ageing effects start at about age 35 and increase rapidly after that, according to a study published in the British Journal of Dermatology.”
Read the full article here.
The last segment of this BBC documentary also demonstrates how sugar consumption is directly linked to skin ageing.
7. Fructose destroys your liver
The liver’s job is to remove harmful substances (like poison, alcohol, and fructose) from our bloodstream. When we overload it too much, it gets damaged. Fructose-related liver disease is now 1000 times more common than alcohol-related liver disease.
As described above, most food we eat is converted to glucose, a “good sugar” which all the cells in our body use as fuel to grow and survive. Fructose on the other hand is useless to our cells, so the liver sucks it up and converts it immediately to fat which is stored in and around the liver. The stored fat builds and builds until the liver becomes bloated with fat.
The main cause of a fatty liver used to be alcohol, but nowadays it’s fructose. One in three Australian adults now has a fatty liver and the number is increasing rapidly. However, fatty liver usually has no symptoms until it’s very advanced, so it’s possible to have it, and not realise until it’s too late. Left untreated it ultimately results in cirrhosis (hardening of the liver as liver cells die) requiring a liver transplant.
During his 60-day high-sugar diet experiment (described in more detail above), “That Sugar Film” documentarist Damon Gameau started with a very healthy liver. After the 60 day experiment, he was tested and found to be already on the verge of serious liver disease! Even his doctors were astounded to see how fast fructose deteriorated his liver. Luckily, by giving up fructose again, Damon was able to return his liver to normal – and so can you.
8. Fructose causes Type II Diabetes
As previously explained, most substances we eat (including protein, carbohydrates, lactose and fat) are converted to glucose (a good “sugar”). This results in a slight increase in blood glucose levels after eating. A hormone called insulin, produced by the pancreas, is then released. Insulin is the “glucose delivery guy” for our cells. He vacuums up all that glucose out of our bloodstream in no time and feeds it to cells that need it. Then our blood glucose levels drop back to normal.
But high concentrations of fructose in our bloodstream overload our pancreas, which eventually starts to lose its ability to produce insulin. Our cells also lose their ability to absorb glucose from insulin. Then we become “insulin resistant”. Therefore, the glucose will simply continue to circulate in our bloodstream without being delivered to cells that need it. As a result our cells are starved of glucose, but our blood is overloaded with glucose, even if we are eating purely healthy food. If insulin resistance continues, our body eventually loses the ability to produce insulin altogether, and we have to inject it.
When we have a high blood glucose level, it’s colloquially referred to as a high blood “sugar” level. But the “sugar” (glucose) in our blood is NOT the bad guy. As we’ve established, glucose is the essential fuel for our body. We can never quit eating glucose, because nearly all foods are rich in glucose. It only becomes a problem when we lose the ability to absorb it, due to insulin resistance. And that is caused by FRUCTOSE.
Glycemic Index (GI)
Some types of food are converted to glucose very quickly (referred to as High-Glycemic Index or High-GI Foods). Carbohydrates are often high-GI. In a healthy person, high-GI foods are not a problem because they help us get a quick burst of energy for cellular activity. Insulin vacuums up all that glucose in no time and feeds it to cells that need it. People with normal insulin levels do NOT need to eat low-GI or low-carb diets.
The concept of a low-GI diet is a risky one because it’s very difficult to measure exactly how fast a food is converted to glucose in our body, and it varies greatly depending on what else we eat at the same meal. Plus, the way GI is measured means somehow, sugar is classed as a low-GI food! Many food manufacturers use the “low-GI” tag to promote products that are brimming with sugar.
If a person with diabetes is allowed to eat products high in sugar (because they’re low-GI), then there is something seriously wrong!
9. Fructose damages your kidneys
When our liver processes sugar, alcohol and meat it produces a waste product called uric acid. Our kidneys removes uric acid from our body. But our kidneys can be overwhelmed by the large quantities of uric acid produced by a high-fructose Western diet. Then they start to fail. The number of us requiring treatment for kidney disease has nearly doubled in the last decade, even though alcohol consumption has not. A person with failed kidneys needs to go for regular renal dialysis. A machine is hooked up to our bloodstream, which cleans our body of toxins which would normally be removed by the kidneys. Treatment lasts about four hours and is done three times a week. Imagine if this was your life.
In his documentary “That Sugar Film”, Damon Gameau visits the Amata Aboriginal community in the Australian outback. It has been a dry community ever since it was founded, and therefore the residents consume no alcohol. Yet Type II Diabetes and kidney disease are spiralling out of control. Dialysis units in nearby Alice Springs are overflowing, so people are sent to Adelaide instead. Most people die before the age of 50. A local community group is trying to have sugary treats like soda drinks removed from the local grocery store, but had its funding cut by the government. Click here to find out more about the Mai Wiru Foundation and the effects of sugar in the Aboriginal community.
But it’s not just Indigenous people who suffer from fructose-related kidney damage.
“(Kidney disease) is now killing more Australians than either breast or prostate cancer, and is responsible for one in every seven hospitalisations in this country. It’s massively destructive to our quality of life and ultimately lethal for far too many of us. But the saddest part is that most of the horror of this epidemic is preventable just by eliminating fructose from the diet.” – David Gillespie, Eat Real Food.
10. Fructose causes gout
Gout is caused by high levels of uric acid accumulating in the blood and then crystallising in the joints. As explained above, a diet high in fructose causes an excess of uric acid. This not only overloads our kidneys but also causes inflammatory arthritis, usually in the big toe, heels, knees, wrists and fingers. Gout was once a rare disease strongly associated with wealth, so much so that it was dubbed the ‘disease of kings’ because it was known to be caused by excessive eating and drinking. But the number of people affected has increased by 64 per cent in just 15 years, and the number of women affected has doubled. One in 40 Britons now has gout, and there’s no reason to believe that Australia’s statistics are any less frightening.
Gout won’t kill you, but it is painful, and since it’s caused by the high concentrations of uric acid that also cause kidney failure, if you have gout it’s worth getting your kidneys tested. Plus, gout, kidney disease and high uric acid level in the bloodstream have been linked to high blood pressure.
11. Fructose causes high blood pressure (hypertension)
Recent human studies have conclusively demonstrated that to give healthy volunteers hypertension, all you need do is feed them fructose.
Nitric oxide in our body dilates our blood vessels and keeps them relaxed and flexible, allowing easy blood flow and reducing blood pressure.
Uric acid deactivates nitric oxide, resulting in increased blood pressure. A high concentration of uric acid in the blood is caused by a high consumption of fructose, as we have seen before.
“Trial after trial conducted between 1972 and 2005 has shown that we’re twice as likely to suffer from hypertension if we have high uric acid levels.” – David Gillespie, Eat Real Food.
12. Fructose causes erectile dysfunction
To maintain an erection, men need high blood flow, and healthy, dilated blood vessels like those in the diagram above. High levels of uric acid (a waste product of fructose) in our blood deactivate nitric oxide. This narrows our blood vessels, resulting in various cardiovascular problems including erectile dysfunction. Drugs like viagra work by temporarily encouraging the production of nitric oxide.
One in five American men now suffer from erectile dysfunction. Most people who have erectile dysfunction also have other conditions related to high fructose consumption, including heart disease and obesity. Half of all Type II Diabetes sufferers also have erectile dysfunction.
“Perhaps if sugar were renamed anti-Viagra, people might think twice about consuming it.” – David Gillespie, Eat Real Food.
13. Fructose makes women infertile
A protein in our body called Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SHBG) regulates our sex hormones to keep them in balance. Scientists have found that a fatty liver causes a decrease in SHBG. It’s not known exactly why, but it’s well established that people who are obese or who have insulin resistance or Type II Diabetes have low levels of SHBG.
Low SHBG causes an increase of testosterone in the female body, which causes polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Other side effects include acne, unusual hair growth, and irregular or absent periods. But the worst impact is infertility.
“PCOS is the primary cause of female infertility in Australia today. As many as one in six Australian women of reproductive age now has PCOS. A recent Swedish evaluation concluded that women with PCOS were nine times more likely to need access to IVF than women without the syndrome. The number of IVF treatments grew by 50 per cent between 2004 and 2009, and is currently increasing by 14 per cent every year (much faster than the increase in average age of women giving birth). In Australia today, approximately one in every 30 children is born as a result of IVF. And given that IVF is often unsuccessful, those numbers are a significant understatement of the number of people using the treatment.” – David Gillespie, Eat Real Food.
14. It causes Alzheimer’s Disease, which scientists are now calling “Diabetes of the Brain”
Many researcher are now referring to Alzheimer’s disease (the most common form of dementia) as Type 3 Diabetes because it is so closely linked with Type 2 Diabetes. Most Alzheimer’s sufferers also have long-term insulin resistance and Type 2 Diabetes from a diet high in fructose.
A recent study titled “High-sugar diets, type 2 diabetes and Alzheimer’s disease,” states: “Recent findings suggest that high-sugar diets can lead to cognitive impairment predisposing to neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease. This article discusses metabolic derangements induced by high-fructose/sucrose diets and presents evidence for the involvement of insulin resistance in sporadic Alzheimer’s disease pathogenesis.”
It’s not yet understood exactly how fructose consumption causes a build-up of plaque in the brain, but a series of recent studies have confirmed that we are two to four times more likely to suffer from dementia if we have Type II Diabetes.
In another recent study, detailed in the documentary below, scientists were able to make rats “stupid” by feeding them sugary drinks for a prolonged period. Rats which had a high consumption of fructose lost the ability to negotiate simple mazes and forgot how to do things they had done successfully in the past. The fructose literally gave them brain damage.
15. Fructose feeds cancer
Except for the organs directly involved with fructose (the liver, pancreas and kidneys), it’s unlikely to cause cancer. However, new research suggests that having fructose in the bloodstream will accelerate tumour growth.
In recent studies, scientists found that if they exposed human pancreatic cancer cells to a solution of pure fructose, they reproduced faster than those exposed purely to glucose. The cells used fructose for cell division, speeding up the growth and spread of the cancer.
16. Fructose rots your teeth
Everyone has known for decades that sugar is bad for your teeth. But we have simply been told to medicate with fluoridated toothpastes instead of removing the actual cause of the problem from our diet – fructose. So food manufacturers and toothpaste companies are getting rich, while you grow poor and get cavities.
Populations which don’t have added sugar in their diet (which are increasingly rare) have around four cavities per 100 teeth. In “modernised” societies the rate is 24 cavities per 100 teeth – that’s a quarter of all teeth.
When we eat, bacteria in our mouth get a meal too. While munching on our lunch, they produce acid waste which rots our teeth. This is normally not a problem because our saliva neutralises the acid. This is why human populations that aren’t exposed to Western food have barely any tooth decay even though they don’t have tooth paste. Unfortunately, fructose completely ruins the system. Bacteria use fructose to create plaque, a substance which holds acid against the tooth surface and stops saliva washing it away. Using fructose, our otherwise relatively harmless mouth bacteria are able to destroy tooth enamel, the hardest substance in the human body.
Kentucky, USA has the highest consumption of Mountain Dew, and also the worst rate of tooth decay in the world. The clip below depicts a Kentucky boy who needs to have all his teeth extracted at age 17 and replaced with dentures. He says he drinks at least 12 cans of Mountain Dew a day, which is very common where he lives. Even his baby cousin is already drinking 6 cans a day of Mountain Dew from his baby bottle!
17. Fructose inflames your gut
Our small intestine is an amazing organ. It absorbs things which we need (like food) and doesn’t absorb things which are bad for us (like toxins) so these can be passed through and excreted harmlessly from our body. This is good news considering the large amount of toxins we ingest daily.
Unfortunately, alcohol and fructose stuff up this system. They make the small intestine more permeable so it absorbs more toxins into our body. They also allow our gut’s bacteria to produce more toxic substances called endotoxins. This causes our gut to become inflamed, resulting in conditions such as Irritable Bowel Syndrome.